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Manassas (Bull Run), Virginia
August 30, 1862

While we have had some success in documenting Vermonters in Vermont units through the war, we have not been so lucky finding material on Vermonters who served in units from other states. In this case we have.

Henry H. Buxton was born April 4, 1836, the second of four sons of Rodney R. and Sarah Stoddard Buxton of Westminster, later Rockingham, Vermont. His mother died March 10, 1849. His father was a laborer, but managed to send his son to college.

Henry enlisted April 25, 1861 at Fort Schuyler, New York. age 25, as a Private in Company K, 5th New York Infantry. He was promoted to Corporal March 17, 1862, slightly wounded in the head at Gaines Mill, VA, June 27, 1862, and wounded in the elbow joint at Manassas, VA, August 30, 1862.

He was admitted to Armory Square General Hospital, DC, Sept. 1, 1862. His last promotion, to First Sergeant, occurred on September 26, 1862. His arm was amputated, and he died of the wound/amputation, complicated by typhoid, on October 21, 1862. The following letter came from friends of Henry's in the 1st Vermont cavalry, and sheds some light on his final hours.

              Westminster West Vt.
                      Nov 7th 1862

Otis S Graves
                        Dear Sir
                         Being a
friend to H.H.Buxton the P.M. 
has requested me to answer your
enquiries in regard to him.
Henry was wounded in the
battle front of Manassas about
the last of August.He was very
severly wounded in the ankle and
another wound in the leg and
while crawling on the ground a
ball struck his right elbow 
shattering it badly.

After being thus wounded he
was found by a cavalry man
picked up and carried about
four miles to the surgens tent
and there had his wounds dressed.

The next day he was taken to the 
Army Square Hospital in Wash -
ington and the surgeons hoped
to save his arm for sometime
but found it impossible ~ It
was amputated Oct 4th and it
was feared that he had not suffic -
- ient strength to rally but he did
and it was hoped that he would
recover until it was found
necessary to again take up the
artery which made it almost 
certain that he could not recover
he being so very weak and low -
but he did rally and his friends
again felt encouraged from
the letters in regard to him.

Oct 15th his arm bled again and
he continued to fail until the
21st. 4 1/2  oc  P.M. at which time
he died the death of a true christian.
Capt. Hall 1st. Vt Cavalry from this
town and a friend of Henry's was 
Stationed near Washington and
was with him every day constantly
seeing that he had every necessary
comfort and attention until his
death then had him embalmed
and in good shape forwarded
to his friends here

He suffered a great deal during
his sickness and the corpse looked very
poor but natural.

During his sickness he contiued
to show forth a true christian
character and was perfectly willing 
to die ~ feeling that he should die
in a worthy cause.

He has left quite a circle of truely
afflicted relatives and a very large
number of friends who feel they
have lost one of their best christians

If you will please inform
Henry's friends in your
vicinity of his death & C you
will confer a favor to his
friends here.

Any further information 
as to Henry's sickness and
death you can obtain of
Major Josiah Hall 1st Vt 
Cavalry Washington D.C.

Yours truly


Source: The letter was picked up at a flea market in Brooksville, Florida, about 20 years ago, and is presented courtesy of Wayne T. Friesen,

Data for the biographical sketch was provided courtesy of the late Captain Brian Pohanka, Company A, Duryee's Zouaves, Fifth New York Volunteer Infantry.