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The Draft

Draft Statistics

First Congressional District, OCT. 1, 1863.

Enrolled in 1st Class7675
Enrolled in 2nd Class3721
Quotas assessed 1505
No. drafted2256
Accepted men who entered service79
Accepted men who procured substitutes,154
Accepted men who paid commutation723
Rejected for disability573
Exempted under 2nd section of Act of Congress190
Exempted for other causes,--alienage, non-residents, etc.331
Twice enrolled8
Failed to report, and deserted after reporting163
Drafted men whose cases remain undecided31

Second Congressional District, SEPT. 30, 1863.

Enrolled in 1st Class8816
Enrolled in 2nd Class4637
Quotas assessed 1763
No. drafted2645
Accepted men who entered service124
Accepted men who procured substitutes,261
Accepted men who paid commutation722
Rejected for disability966
Exempted under 2nd section of Act of Congress246
Exempted for other causes206
Died since draft2
Failed to report, and deserted after reporting68
Cases remaining undecided59

Third Congressional District, SEPT. 26, 1863.

Enrolled in 1st Class7231
Enrolled in 2nd Class3545
Quotas assessed 1447
No. drafted2170
Accepted men who entered service115
Accepted men who procured substitutes,215
Accepted men who paid commutation390
Rejected for disability625
Exempted under 2nd section of Act of Congress144
Exempted for other causes,--alienage, non-residents, &c.326
Failed to report 283
Cases remaining undecided72


Enrolled in 1st Class23,722
Enrolled in 2nd Class11,903
Total enrolled35,625
Quota assessed4715
No. drafted7071
Entered service318
Procured substitutes630
Paid commutation1833
Rejected for disability2157
Failed to report and deserted after reporting557
Cases undecided145

Of the men raised by the draft, 181 have been sent to the Second Regiment, 200 to the Third Regiment, and 192 to the Fourth Regiment. The residue, 27 men, to make up the complement of 200 for the Second and Fourth Regiments, are sick at Long Island. Probably about 150 more men will be sent to the Second and Third Regiments, according to late orders, mostly made up of those who have not yet reported for examination at District Head Quarters. Ten negroes are at Long Island, to be sent to a colored regiment, when the draft is completed. One hundred and sixty-four men are at Brattleboro', organized into two companies, for duty there until further orders.

The quota assigned to the State, to be raised by draft, was 4715 men. There have been raised, under the draft, including those who have entered the service, those who have furnished substitutes, and those who have paid the commutation of $300 each, 2681 men. This leave 1934 men to be raised by supplemental draft, if not otherwise furnished by the State. Under General Order No. 191, of the War Department, dated July 10, 1863, the State has been authorized to raise two regiments of Infantry, and one battery of Light Artillery,--equivalent to 2180 men,--to be credited on the quota of the State. If raised, the necessity for a further draft, under the quota assigned to the State in July, will be avoided. If not raised voluntarily, they must of necessity be raised compulsorily,--since the absolute duty of furnishing men to the Government, and not money in lieu of men, is conceded by all loyal citizens. By the terms of General Order No. 191, only veterans could be enlisted in these organizations, who had served in the army of the United States not less than nine months, and a bounty of $300 was offered to each recruit, in addition to the bounty of $100 and premium of $2,00 before authorized,--in all $402. But on the 7th of September permission was given by the War Department to enlist men for these regiments, who had never served in the army,--paying them the same bounty and premium ($102) which was paid to volunteers in 1862.

For the purpose of raising the regiments and battery thus authorized, General Order No. 2, (Appendix A,) was issued by the Governor of this State, August 3d, 1863, and recruiting officers were appointed and stationed in different parts of the State. The recruiting officers have worked actively and faithfully, and every effort that can be made, has been employed to stimulate enlistments. But I regret to report, that the progress thus far has been so slow, as to be almost discouraging. There are various causes contributing to this result,--the severity of the campaign in Maryland, with which the nine months' regiments closed their term of service,--the amount of sickness which has prevailed among the men, since their return to the State,--a general misunderstanding of the nature of the call upon the State and of the obligation to raise these troops,--and, undoubtedly, to some extent, the absence of that general determination to meet promptly all calls for men, made upon the State, which, in 1862, so effectually aided the efforts of recruiting officers. But, without expending time in examining for reasons, but one result is admissible, and that is, the men must be furnished. Opportunity being afforded to avoid another draft, every consideration of State pride will induce us to raise the required number of men. It is to be hoped, and it is believed, that the selectmen of the several towns and the patriotic citizens of the State will awake to the importance of renewed effort in this respect; and, with their influence and active assistance, success is certain.

Source: Report of the Adjutant & Inspector General of the State of Vermont, 1863; contributed by Mike Ellis, Rochester, Michigan