Adjutant and Inspector General Reports
In the mean time, and while the labor of raising the Tenth and Eleventh Regiments was in progress, urgent requests were made by the Secretary of War and the General-in-Chief of the Army, that the ranks of the regiments in service, reduced by the privations, toils and hardships of the Peninsular Campaign, should be replenished. And it was deemed proper, that this work should be assigned to the several towns in the State, and that they should be allowed to raise the necessary number of men in their own way, without the intervention of recruiting agencies.
For this purpose it became necessary, for the first time, that each town should have assigned to it, specifically, the number of men which it was expected to raise. No specific quota had, up to this time, been assigned to the State; but it was assumed, that the number of men actually raised in the State upon the first call for 500,000 men, under the act of Congress of July 22, 1861, was the proper number to be apportioned upon the several towns in the State, in proportion to the population of each. This gave so nearly thirty upon each thousand of population, that that number was taken as the proportion.
At the time of issuing the instructions in March, for the enrolment and return of the militia on the first of April, instructions had also been issued to the listers of the several towns, to return lists of the several volunteers, who had enlisted from their respective towns. This was necessary, since no means were found in the records, or files, in this office, for determining the residence of a large number of the volunteers who had enlisted during the year 1861. Returns were accordingly made by the listers of the several towns, and those returns were published, and were from time to time, corrected by the listers, until August, when it became necessary to apportion, with reference to them, the number of men required for filling the old regiment.
The following table shows the condition, at that time, of the several regiments and detached companies, according to the latest returns then received at this office:
|First Cavalry||June 30||608||34||40||24||86||57||27||876||158|
|Second Infantry||June 30||769||1||21||93||6||37||38||965||45|
|Third Infantry||June 30||566||78||59||1||1||137||19||32||893||117|
|Fourth Infantry||May 31||693||10||35||10||155||903||107|
|Fifth Infantry||April 30||729||79||17||5||830||170|
|Sixth Infantry||June 30||474||43||11||81||206||6||821||189|
|Seventh Infantry||May 31||769||112||11||39||1||5||937||73|
|Eighth Infantry||June 30||942||10||11||15||8||986||24|
|First Battery||June 30||149||3||1||153||3|
|Second Battery||June 30||122||27||149||7|
|1st Co. S. Shoot's||86||86||15|
|2d Co. S. Shoot's||69||69||32|
|3d Co. S. Shoot's||82||82||19|
A - Date of Last Return
B - Present for Duty
C - Present sick
D - On detached service
E - Absent by leave
F - Absent without leave
G - Absent sick
H - Prisoner of War
I - Missing in Action
J - Wounded in Action
K - Total, Present and absent
L - Deficiency
For the purpose of filling the regiments in service, 4,200 men were assessed upon the several towns in the State, -- allowing 3000 for the Ninth, Tenth and Eleventh Regiments, and 1200 men for the old regiments. And in determining the quota of each town, those towns, that were deficient in their due proportion of men raised under the first call for 500,000 men, were charged with the deficiency, as shown by the listers' returns in April, and the sum of the deficiencies deducted from the 4,200 men required, and the residue, only, assessed upon all the towns, -- thus reducing the quota of the towns not deficient from fourteen upon each thousand of population to eight upon each thousand.
General Order No. 10 was issued August 8,1862, (Appendix B,) assessing the quotas of the several towns upon this basis, and authorizing the selectmen of each town to act as recruiting officers, for the purpose of raising the required number of men. And a General Superintendent for the recruiting service for the old regiments was appointed in each county, to receive the recruits from the selectmen, subsist them, and forward them to the General Rendezvous at Burlington. The duty was performed faithfully and with energy by the selectmen, -- most of the towns furnishing the whole number required of them, and some furnishing an excess beyond their quota.
By General Order No. 88 of the War department, dated July 25, 1862, the men enlisted were allowed to select the regiment in which they desired to serve. The recruits enlisted in this State were allowed to do this, without reference to the amount of the deficiency of the regiment, as no restrictions were contained in the order. The effect has been to give to some regiments a large excess of men, and to leave other regiments deficient. But the remedy for this difficulty, if any, must rest with the officers of the United States.
There have been mustered into the service of the United States, for the old regiments, 1103 men, divided as follows:
Second Regiment 247 Third " 165 Fourth " 110 Fifth " 90 Sixth " 165 2d Co. Sharp Shooters 43 3d " " 11 1st Co Sharp Shooters 49 Ninth Regiment 23 1st Cavalry 200 ---- Total 1103
There were 105 men enlisted, in addition to this number, of whom 52 have been rejected on medical inspection, leaving 53 yet in the State. The selectmen of the several towns, in which the rejected men belonged, are engaged, to some extent, in supplying their places with other recruits.
One company of Cavalry (Company L,) has also been enlisted, during the same time, under Section 11 of the act of Congress of July 17, 1862, allowing one additional squadron to each regiment of Cavalry. THis company was mustered into the United States' service at St. Albans, Sept. 29th, and numbered 103 officer and men, -- since increased to 104. The remaining company is in progress of enlisting, and now numbers 76 men.
The quota of the State, under the first call for 500,000 men, was 8160 And under the second call for 300,000 men, 4898 ----- Total 13,058
Troops have been enlisted, under these two requisitions, and mustered into the United States' service, as follows:
Previous to Nov. 1, 1861 6272 Between Nov. 1, 1861 and May 1, 1862 3011 Since May 1, 1861
Ninth Regiment 920 Tenth " 1018 Eleventh " 1019 Recruits for old regiments 1103 Co. L of Cavalry 104 ----- Total 13,447
While the labor of enlisting men for the Tenth and Eleventh Regimens was in progress, and the regiments rapidly approaching completion, the President of the United States, on the fourth of August, made requisition for 300,000 militia, to serve for nine months, -- of which the quota of this State was assessed at 4898 men. It was at the same time declared, by the Secretary of War, that if any State, before the 15th of August, should not furnish its quota of the 300,000 volunteers for three years, the deficiency of volunteers in such State would be made up by a special draft from the militia. And on the 16th day of August it was ordered, also, by the Secretary of War, that volunteers to fill up the old regiments should be received, and paid the bounty and advance pay, until the first day of September; and it was at the same time announced, that if the old regiments should not be filled by volunteers by that day, a special draft would be ordered for the deficiency.
The immediate result of the publication of these orders was a sudden and unexampled increase in the number of daily enlistments, and the Tenth and Eleventh regiments were at once filled, and recruiting for the old regiments, which was provided for by General Order No. 10, (Appendix B,) progressed with great rapidity.
On the ninth of August, instructions and regulations for the enrolment and draft of the militia were issued by the War Department.
The position of the officers of this State was now sufficiently embarrassing. With the Tenth and Eleventh Regiments just ready to go into camp, where they were to be inspected, clothed, armed, equipped, mustered, paid and sent out of the State, and all the labor on hand connected with the filling of the old regiments, by volunteers, within the time required by the War Department, -- then less than twenty days--the militia of the Sates were to be enrolled, and the returns verified, a draft, with all its complications, provided for, town credits determined and adjusted, and town quotas assessed and announced.
The only assurance of being able, within the short time allowed, -- from August 8th to September 3d, -- to complete successfully this complication of labors, was based upon the firmest reliance on the zealous and earnest activity of a determined people, never known yet to hesitate when required to sustain the Government.
The instructions of the Secretary of War were distinct, that there should be a new enrolment of all able bodied male citizens, between the ages of eighteen and forty five; but the regulations for the draft were only made applicable to those States, where no provision by law for draft existed, or where the existing provisions were defective. It became, therefore, a question, to be determined at once, whether the statute provisions of this State were sufficient and practicable, -- since, if they were, the regulations made by the War Department were, by the terms of the order, inapplicable.
Upon careful examination, it was found, that the provisions of the statute of 1842, preserved by the repealing act of 1844, and the provisions of section four of the act of 1844, provided a plain and simple mode of raising troops upon requisition for actual service. By sections twelve and thirteen of the act of 1842, the militia of the State had been divided into two classes, -- enrolled and active. By section thirteen it was provided, that the active militia should consist of uniform companies, raised at large, and "in all cases" should "first be ordered into service, in case of war, or invasion, or to prevent invasion, to suppress riots, or to aid civil officers in the execution of the laws of the State,"--thereby enumerating all cases, in which the militia could be called into actual service, either by the authority of the State, for State purposes, or by the President of the United States, under the Constitution and the Acts of Congress. Section 256 provided as follows, -- "Whenever it shall be necessary to order out the militia, for actual service, or any part thereof, such order shall be first issued to the uniform militia, afterwards, such number of the enrolled militia as shall volunteer individually, or by companies, shall be accepted and organized." And section four of the Act of 1844 provided as follows:--"Should all the uniform companies be called into actual service at any one time, and it shall become necessary to call out a greater number of men, the adjutant general, under the direction of the commander-in-chief, shall issue orders to the selectmen of the towns, from which additional men shall be required, specifying the time and place of rendezvous, and directing such selectmen to draft such quota of men from the enrolled militia, as shall be necessary."
There were, then, five things made plainly incumbent by the instructions of the Secretary of War, and the statutes of this State:--First, To provide at once for an enumeration of the enrolled militia;--Second, To call out all the companies of the active militia;--Third, To provide for the acceptance of such of the enrolled militia as should volunteer by companies;--Fourth, To provide for the acceptance of such of the enrolled militia as should volunteer individually;--Fifth, To provide for an actual draft, if necessary.
The instructions of the Secretary of War were received by telegraph on the 10th day of August. On the 11th of August, General Order No. 11, (Appendix B,) providing for the enrolment of the militia, was issued. Instructions (Appendix B,) for the guidance of the listers, in the performance of this duty, were prepared and issued at the same time, together with the necessary blanks, and all the time allowed for making the returns which was practicable. A portion of these instructions was repeated, in a most distinct form, August 21st, (Appendix B.)
On the 12th of August, General Order No. 12 ( was issued, calling into actual service all the companies of active militia in the State. THere were then upon the Roster twenty-two of these companies. Ten of the companies had already been in service three months, in the First Regiment; and so many of the members of all the companies had enlisted in the regiments for three years' service, that but six companies remained in the State which had preserved their full and perfect organization, and these with reduced ranks. But as the remaining companies still preserved their apparent legal existence upon the record, and no means existed of knowing the actual number of members of each, and no legal draft could be made from the enrolled militia, or legal acceptance had of the enrolled militia volunteering by companies, until all the active militia had been called into the service, it was necessary to issue the call in the form of a General Order.
Some feeble opposition to this order was manifested in some localities, originating with men who had not been i the three months' service, and were now unwilling to respond to the call, and who either doubted their right or were ashamed to procure substitutes, and desired, therefore, to defeat the call, by inducing, if possible, a general refusal of the members of the company, to which they belonged, to obey its requirements. But the opposition was entirely limited to noisy clamor and street declamation, and soon subsided before the earnestness of public opinion; and the individuals who participated in it are yet at home, quietly awaiting the next test of their patriotism.
Thirteen uniform companies of the active militia responded to the call, with full ranks, and are now in the service of the United States. They are as follows:West Windsor Guards, of West Windsor.
Allen Greys, of Brandon
Saxtons River Light Infantry, of Rockingham
Woodstock Light Infantry, of Woodstock
Bradford Guards, of Bradford
Rutland Light Guard, of Rutland.
Howard Guards, of Burlington.
TUnbridge Light Infantry, of Tunbridge.
Ransom Guards, of St. Albans
New England Guards, of Northfield
Emmett Guards, of Burlington
Lafayette Artillery, of Calais.
Frontier Guards, of Coventry.
The remaining companies of the uniform militia were shown, by the report of Brig. General Alonzo Jackman, commanding the brigade of uniform militia in the States, to have been either disbanded by General Orders, heretofore issued, or to have practically ceased to exist, as organized company, long previous to the issuing of the General Order No. 12; and they were so declared, by General Order NO. 21, (Appendix B,) issued Aug. 30, 1862.
So that the entire uniform militia of the State, as at present existing, is now in the service of the United States.
General Order No. 21 was afterwards countermanded, as to the Frontier Guards of Coventry, -- the company having demonstrated its existence, by responding, with full ranks, to General Order NO. 12.