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Adjutant and Inspector General Reports

1863 Report

 The Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth and Six Regiments have been brigaded together during the year, constituting the second brigade, second division, Sixth Corps of the Army of the Potomac, and have participated actively in nearly every battle, in which that army has been engaged.

In the first battle fought at Fredericksburgh, in December, 1862, the brigade, commanded by Col. Henry Whiting, of the Second Regiment, was distinguished for its gallantry. A brief report of this engagement was received from Col. Charles B. Stoughton, of the Fourth Regiment, and is published in Appendix B. The casualties in the brigade were as follows:

Second Regiment,--Killed 2, Wounded 59.
Third Regiment, Killed 2, Wounded 8.
Fourth Regiment, Killed 11, Wounded 43, Missing 2.
Fifth Regiment, Killed 10, Wounded 30.
Sixth Regiment, Killed 1, Wounded 1.
Total, Killed 26, Wounded 141, Missing 2.

The bravery and coolness with which the brigade fought at the second battle of Fredericksburgh, on the third of May, and at the battle of Bank's Ford, on the fourth of May, have never been excelled by any troops. They stormed and carried the heights of Fredericksburgh, on the 3d May, in the fact of a terrific file; and when, on the 4th, they protected the rear of the Sixth Corps and enabled it to cross the Rappahannock in Safety, the masses of the enemy, greatly outnumbering them, were persistently hurled against them in vain. They were attacked by and repulsed three rebel brigades, of four regiments each, and saved the Sixth Corps. I am indebted to Col. L. A. Grant, o the Fifth Regiment, who commanded the brigade during the engagements, for very full reports, which will be found in Appendix B. I also annex copies of the reports of Col. T. O. Seaver, of the Third Regiment, and of Col. E. L. Barney, of the Sixth Regiment. The casualties in the brigade, during these engagements, were as follows:--

Second Regiment, May 3d, Killed 12, Wounded 94; May 4th, Killed 5, Wounded 20.
Third Regiment, May 3d, Killed 1, Wounded 6; May 4th, Killed 3, Wounded 24, Missing 13.
Fourth Regiment, May 3d, Wounded 1; May 4th, Killed 1, Wounded 22, Missing 7.
Fifth Regiment, May 4th, Killed 3, Wounded 11, Missing 9.
Sixth Regiment, May 3d, Wounded 8; May 4th, Killed 5, Wounded 46, Missing 15.
Total, Killed 30, Wounded 227, Missing 44.

On the 5th of June the brigade again crossed the Rappahannock, at Fredericksburgh, and assaulted and carried the rebel works, fighting most gallantly and taking many prisoners. I annex the reports of Col. Grant, commanding the brigade, and of Lieut. Col. Lewis, who commanded the Fifth Regiment.

At the battle of Gettysburgh, on the 3d of July, the brigade was held in reserve and was not actively engaged. But on the 10th of July, near Funkstown, Maryland, the brigade again met the enemy, in superior force, and gallantly repulsed them, holding a skirmish line of some three miles in extent, without supports within assisting distance, against repeated attacks of strong lines of rebel infantry. I annex the report of Col. Grant of this engagement. The casualties were 9 killed and 59 wounded. Among the wounded was Col. Charles B. Stoughton, the gallant commander of the Fourth Regiment, who lost an eye.

The brigade moved with the Army of the Potomac into Virginia, in pursuit of the enemy, and were then detached and sent to the City of New York, to aid, if necessary, in enforcing obedience to the laws of the United States. The brigade is now again with the army of the Potomac, near Culpeper, Va.

Too much honor cannot be awarded by the people of Vermont to the officers and men of this gallant brigade. They are the men, who responded among the earliest to the call of the nation for assistance in suppressing the rebellion and restoring and preserving the National existence. They have found gallantly in every battle, in which the army of the Potomac has been engaged, since the war commenced. Distinguished alike for bravery and discipline, they have acquired for themselves an imperishable record in history, and have won for the troops of the State in the field a reputation for unflinching courage and dashing bravery, which is only equalled by the distinction which the people of the State have earned for persistent loyalty to the Union, which is their proudest boast.

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