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10th Vermont Infantry

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The Churchill Family of Chittenden

John Churchill, the emigrant ancestor of the Plymouth Branch of the Churchill Family in America, was born in England and first appeared in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1643, dying there in 1662/3. Five generations descended from John, Caleb Churchill (1757-1865), a Revolutionary War veteran, settled in Pittsford, Vermont. His son, also Caleb, had several sons and a son-in-law who served in the Civil War, to wit:

Edwin Ruthven Churchill, was born 6/13/1836, in Chittenden. He enlisted 11/30/1863, and mustered in 12/26/1863, in Co. H, 1st Vermont Cavalry. He was transferred to Co. B, 6/21/1865 and mustered out 8/9/1865. After the war he moved to Missouri and later Nebraska. He died in North Platte, Nebraska, 11/5/1912.

Wilson Barlow Churchill, was born 1/5/1838, in Chittenden. He enlisted 9/10/1862, and mustered in 10/21/1862, in Co. H, 14th Vermont Infantry. He mustered out with the regiment on 7/30/1865.

Angeline J. Churchill, was born 9/5/1838, in Chittenden. She married William R. Johnson. He enlisted 8/8/1862 and mustered in 9/1/1862 with Co. C, 11th Vermont Infantry. He was promoted Corporal 11/24/1864, and mustered out 6/24/1865.

Charles Henry Churchill, was born 2/10/1843, in Chittenden. He enlisted 11/30/1863, and mustered in 12/26/1863, in Co. H, 1st Vermont Cavalry with his brother Edwin (above). He was transfer rd to the Veteran Reserve Corps 8/18/1864, transferred back to his company 12/18/1864, and was discharged 8/9/1865.

Columbus Caleb Churchill, was born 3/12/1844, in Chittenden. He enlisted 11/30/1863, and mustered in 12/26/1863 with Co. C, 10th Vermont Infantry. He was wounded 6/1/1864 and 10/19/1864. He was promoted to Corporal 7/1/1864. He was transferred to the Veteran Reserve Corps 4/27/1865 and mustered out 7/17/1865.

Oliver Erastus Churchill, was born 12/4/1846, in Chittenden. He enlisted 8/1/1862 and mustered in 9/1/1862 with Co. C, 10th Vermont Infantry. He mustered out 6/22/1865. After the war, he moved to Missouri, where he remained several years, but later settled in Illinois. He died 5/19/1926, age 80, at Aurora, Illinois.

Contributed by David Baumgartner, Chicago, Ill., 2nd-great-grandson of Oliver Erastus Churchill. Some details of military service from the 1892 Revised Roster.