Organization and Service
Organized at Burlington and mustered in June 20, 1861. Left State for Washington, District of Columbia, June 24. Attached to Howard's Brigade, Heintzelman's Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia, to August, 1861. W. F. Smith's Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861. Brook's Brigade, Smith's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, and Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to July, 1865.
SERVICE.--Advance on Manassas, VA, Jul. 16-21, 1861. Battle of Bull Run, VA, Jul. 21. Scout to Great Falls Aug. 20-25. Skirmish near Lewinsville Sep. 11 (Cos. "A" and "F"). Reconnoissance to Lewinsville Sep. 25 (Cos. "A" and "F"). Expedition to Munson's Hill Sep. 28. Reconnoissance to Vienna Oct. 17. Reconnoissance to Peacock Hill Nov. 9. Duty in the Defences of Washington until Mar., 1862. Moved to Alexandria Mar. 10, thence to the VA Peninsula Mar. 23-24. Young's Mill Apr. 4. Siege of Yorktown Apr. 5-May 4. Lee's Mills Apr. 16. Reconnoissance to Warwick River Apr. 30. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Seven days before Richmond Jun. 25-Jul. 1. Garnett's Farm Jun. 27. Savage Station Jun. 29. White Oak Swamp Bridge Jun. 30. Malvern Hill Jul. 1. At Harrison's Landing until Aug. 16. Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Alexandria Aug. 16-24. Maryland Campaign Sep.-Oct. Crampton's Pass, MD, Sep. 14. Battle of Antietam, MD, Sep. 16-17. At Hagerstown Sep. 26-Oct. 29. Movement to Falmouth, VA, Oct. 29-Nov. 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, VA, Dec. 12-15. Burnside's Second Campaign, "Mud March," Jan. 20-24, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign Apr. 27-May 6. Operations at Franklin's Crossing Apr. 29-May 2. Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Banks' Ford May 4. Franklin's Crossing Jun. 5-13. Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, Jul. 2-4. Funkstown, MD, Jul. 10-13. Ordered to NY City Aug. 14. Duty there and at Poughkeepsie, NY, until Sep. 13. Moved to Alexandria, thence to Fairfax C.H., VA, Sep. 13-17, and to Culpeper C.H. Sep. 22. Bristoe Campaign Oct. 9-22. Advance to the Rappahannock Nov. 7-8. Rappahannock Station Nov. 7. Mine Run Campaign Nov. 26-Dec. 2. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-Jun., 1864. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spotsylvania May 8-12; Spotsylvania C.H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient at Spotsylvania May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor Jun. 1-12. Before Petersburg Jun. 18-19. Jerusalem Plank Road Jun. 22-23. Moved to Washington, DC, Jul. 9-11. Repulse of Early's attack on Fort Stevens Jul. 11-12. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign Aug. 7-Nov. 28. Charlestown Aug. 21-22. Gilbert's Ford, Opequan River, Sep. 18. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, Sep. 19. Fisher's Hill Sep. 22. Battle of Cedar Creek Oct. 19. At Strasburg until Nov. 9 and at Kernstown until Dec. 9. Moved to Petersburg Dec. 9-12. Siege of Petersburg Dec. 12, 1864, to Apr. 2, 1865. Dabney's Mills Feb. 5-7, 1865. Fort Fisher, before Petersburg, Mar. 25. Appomattox Campaign Mar. 28-Apr. 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg Apr. 2. Sailor's Creek Apr. 6. Appomattox C.H. Apr. 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. At Farmville and Burkesville Junction until Apr. 23. Mar. to Danville Apr. 23-27, and duty there until May 18. At Manchester until May 24. Mar. to Washington May 24-Jun. 3. Corps Review Jun. 8. Nonveterans mustered out Jun. 29, 1864. Regiment mustered out Jul. 15, 1865.
Regiment lost during service: 223 men killed and mortally wounded, 3 died by accident, 1 executed, 22 died in Confederate prisons, and 136 men died by disease. Total lost: 385.
Source: Frederick H. Dyer, A compendium of the War of the Rebellion: compiled and arranged from official records of the federal and Confederate armies, reports of the adjutant generals of the several states, the army registers, and other reliable documents and sources, (Dyer Pub. Co., Des Moines, IA, 1908), Part 3, pp. 1647-1654.