Site Logo
Home | Battles | Descendants | Find A Soldier | Monuments | Museum | Towns | Units | Site Map

1st Vermont Cavalry

Organization and Service

Organized at Burlington and mustered in November 19, 1861. Left State for Washington, District of Columbia, December 14; thence moved to Annapolis, Md., December 25, and duty there until March, 1862. Attached to Banks' Division, Army of the Potomac, December, 1861, to March, 1862. Hatch's Cavalry Brigade, Banks' 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, and Department of the Shenandoah to June, 1862. Cavalry Brigade, 2nd Army Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. Price's Cavalry Brigade, Defenses of Washington, and 22nd Army Corps to April, 1863. 3rd Brigade, Stahel's Cavalry Division, 22nd Army Corps, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to August, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to August, 1864, and Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to June, 1865.

SERVICE.--Moved to Washington, DC, Mar. 9-10, 1862; thence to Rockville, MD, and Edward's Ferry Mar. 12-13. Moved to Harper's Ferry, WVA, Mar. 28; thence to Middletown Apr. 1. Advance up the Valley Apr. 16. Mt. Jackson Apr. 17. McGaheysville Apr. 27 (Cos. "A," "D" and "K"). Somerville Heights May 7 (Co. "B"). Operations in Shenandoah Valley May 15-Jun. 17. Middletown May 24. Winchester May 25. Retreat to Williamsport May 25-26. Near Winchester Jun. 18-19. Reconnaissance from Front Royal to Luray Jun. 29-30. Luray C.H. Jun. 30. Culpeper C.H. Jul. 12. Gordonsville Jul. 17. Orange C.H. Aug. 2 and 13. Pope's Campaign in Northern VA Aug. 16-Sep. 2. Fords of the Rappahannock Aug. 21-23. Kelly's Ford Aug. 21. Liberty Bridge Sep. 1. Aquia Creek Sep. 5. Conrad's Ferry Sep. 15. Orange C.H. Sep. 21. Ashby's Gap Sep. 22. Duty in the Defenses of Washington until Mar., 1863. Warrenton Nov. 8, 1862. Annandale Dec. 28. Fairfax C.H. Jan. 9. Dranesville Feb. 6, 9, 13 and 14. Goose Creek Feb. 16. Leesburg Feb. 19. Aldie Mar. 2. Herndon Station Mar. 17. Broad Run, Dranesville, Apr. 1. Warrenton May 11, 23 and 31. Near Greenwich May 30. Littleton and Hanover, Pennsylvania, Jun. 30. Hunterstown Jul. 2. Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, Jul. 3. Monterey Gap Jul. 4. Smithburg, MD, Jul. 5. Hagerstown Jul. 6. Boonsboro Jul. 8. Hagerstown Jul. 11-13. Falling Water Jul. 14. King George C.H. Aug. 25. Lamb's Creek Church Sep. 1. Expedition to Port Conway Sep. 1-3. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan Sep. 13-17. Culpeper C.H. Sep. 13. Somerville Ford Sep. 14. Reconnaissance across the Rapidan Sep. 21-23. Richard's Ford Sep. 26. Bristoe Campaign Oct. 9-22. James City Oct. 10. Bethesda Church Oct. 10. Brandy Station and near Culpeper Oct. 11. Gainesville Oct. 14 and 19. Groveton Oct. 17-18. Catlett's Station and Buckland's Mills Oct. 19. Falmouth Nov. 4. Advance to the Rappahannock Nov. 7-8. Mine Run Campaign Nov. 26-Dec. 2. Morton's Ford Nov. 26. Raccoon Ford Nov. 26-27. Demonstration on the Rapidan Feb. 6-7, 1864. Kilpatrick's Raid on Richmond Feb. 28-March 4. Fortifications of Richmond and near Atlee's Mar. 1. Old Church Mar. 2. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-Jun. Near Chancellorsville May 4. Craig's Meeting House May 5. Wilderness May 5-7 (Co. "M"). Todd's Tavern May 5-6 and May 7-8. Alsop's Farm, Spotsylvania, May 8. Sheridan's Raid from Todd's Tavern to James River May 9-24. North Anna River May 9. Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern May 11. Brook Church or Richmond Fortifications May 12. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Demonstration on Little River May 27. Salem Church May 27. On line of the Totopotomoy May 28-31. Ashland May 30. Mechump's Creek May 31. Cold Harbor May 31-Jun. 1. Ashland Jun. 1. Gaines' Mill Jun. 2. Totopotomoy Jun. 2. Haw's Shop Jun. 3. Sumner's Upper Bridge Jun. 3. Salem Church Jun. 4. White Oak Swamp Jun. 12. Riddell's Shop Jun. 13. Malvern Hill Jun. 15. Wilson's Raid on South Side & Danville Railroad Jun. 22-30. Ream's Station Jun. 22. Near Nottaway C.H. Jun. 23. Black and White Station Jun. 23. Staunton Bridge or Roanoke Station Jun. 25. Sappony Church or Stony Creek Jun. 28-29. Ream's Station Jun. 29. Siege of Petersburg until Aug. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign Aug. 7-Nov. 28. Winchester Aug. 17. Kearneysville Aug. 25. Near Brucetown and Winchester Sep. 7. Battle of Opequan Sep. 20. Near Cedarville Sep. 20. Front Royal Sep. 21. Milford Sep. 22. Fisher's Hill Sep. 22. Waynesboro Sep. 29. Columbia Furnace and Back Road, near Strasburg, Oct. 7. Tom's Brook, "Woodstock Races," Oct. 8-9. Mount Olive Oct. 9. Battle of Cedar Creek Oct. 19. Near Kernstown Nov. 10. Newtown and Cedar Creek Nov. 12. Rude's Hill, near Mt. Jackson, Nov. 22. Expedition to Lacy Springs Dec. 19-22. Lacy Springs Dec. 21. Sheridan's Raid Feb. 27-March 25, 1865. Waynesboro Mar. 2. Occupation of Staunton Mar. 2. Occupation of Charlottesville Mar. 3. Appomattox Campaign Mar. 28-Apr. 9. Dinwiddie C.H. Mar. 30-31. Five Forks Apr. 1. Scott's Corners Apr. 2. Namozine Church Apr. 3. Sailor's Creek Apr. 6. Appomattox Station Apr. 8. Appomattox C.H. Apr. 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Expedition to Danville Apr. 24-29. Mar. to Washington, DC, May 10-15. Grand Review May 23. Frontier duty at Champlain, NY, Jun. to Aug. Non-Veterans mustered out Nov. 18. 1864. Regiment mustered out Aug. 9, 1865. (Co. "L" was organized at St. Albans Sep. 29, 1862, and Co. "M" at Burlington Dec. 30, 1862.)

Regiment lost during service: 10 Officers and 102 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded, 1 Officer and 158 Enlisted men died in Confederate prisons, 2 Officers and 5 Enlisted men died from accident and 2 Officers and 112 Enlisted men by disease. Total 392.

Source: Frederick H. Dyer, A compendium of the War of the Rebellion: compiled and arranged from official records of the federal and Confederate armies, reports of the adjutant generals of the several states, the army registers, and other reliable documents and sources, (Dyer Pub. Co., Des Moines, IA, 1908), Part 3, pp. 1647-1654.