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Significant Units

2nd Regiment of Cavalry (Veteran)
Harris Light Cavalry; Seventh United States; New York State Cavalry

More than 150 native Vermonters served in the 2nd New York Cavalry, including a group recruited in the New Haven area (see below).

History

Mustered in: August 9 to October 8,1861
Mustered out: June 5, 1865

July 25, 1861, Co1. J. Mansfield Davies received authority from the War Department to recruit a regiment of cavalry. He recruited this regiment and organized it at Scarsdale; it was mustered in the service of the United States for three years, between August 9 and October 8, 1861. It was originally known as the Harris Light Cavalry; the War Department designated it, October 26, 1861, the 7th Regiment of Cavalry in the service of the United States, but when the regiment was turned over to the State as one of the State organizations, it was numbered the 2d Regiment of N. Y. Volunteer Cavalry. At the expiration of its term' of service those entitled thereto were discharged and August 29, 1864, the regiment was consolidated into a battalion of four companies, A, B, C and D, and, composed of veterans and recruits, retained in the service. In September and October, 1864, eight new companies joined, raising the battalion to a regimental organization again; these companies had been recruited for a service of one year.

The companies were recruited principally: A at New York city, Hartford, Conn., and Newton, N. J.; B at Newton and Deckertown, N. J., and at Newburgh, Troy, Watertown and Port Jervis; C and D Connecticut Squadron at Hartford, Conn.; E at New York city, Troy, Fort Edward and Cambridge; F at Covington, Ind., Fairhaven, Vt., Troy and Richfield Springs; G at New York city, Newburgh and Fort Edward; H at Chambersburg, Ind.; I at Lafayette, Ind.; K at Scranton, Pa., Hampton, Newark and Rockaway, N. J.. New York city, Troy and Richfield Springs; L at New York city, Hudson, Troy, Fort Ann, Fort Edward and Litchfield; and M at New York city, Newburgh Plattsburgh and Port Henry. The companies raised in 1864 were recruited principally: E Ticonderoga Cavalry Company-at Plattsburgh and Ticonderoga; F at Elmira and Syracuse; G and H at Manlius, Rochester, Elbridge, Onondaga, Syracuse, Cicero, Pompey, DeWitt, Chenango, Spafford, Lafayette, Albany, Salina, Skaneateles and Geddes; I at Hart's Island, Kingston, Poughkeepsie, Jamaica, Tarrytown and Albany; K at Mt. Morris, Goshen, Farmington, Poughkeepsie, Avon, Hopewell and Elmira; Land M at New York city and Brooklyn.

The regiment left the State in September and October, 1861, and served in McDowell's Division, Army of the Potomac, from October, 1861; with the 3d Division, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac, from March, 1862; with King's Division, Department Rappahannock, from May, 1862; in Cavalry Brigade, 2d Division, 3d Corps, Army of Virginia, from June, 1862; in Bayard's Cavalry Brigade, Army of the Potomac, from September, 1862 (Companies A and B, I and K, in 3d Division, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac, in September and October, 1862); in Gregg's Cavalry Brigade, Army of the Potomac, from December 15, 1862; in 1st Brigade, 3d Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, from February II, 1863 (a battalion with 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 4th Corps, on the Peninsula, Va., from May to July, 1863); in 2d Brigade, 2d Division, Cavalry, Army of the Potomac, from June 14, 1863; in the 1st Brigade, 3d Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, from August 12, 1863; Cavalry, Army of the Shenandoah, from October, 1864, and with the Army of the Potomac from March, 1865. Commanded by Co1. Alanson M. Randol, Companies E, F, G, H, I and K were mustered out June 5, 1865, and the remainder of the regiment, June 23, 1865, at Alexandria, Va.

During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 7 officers, 67 enlisted men; died of wounds received in action, 2 officers, 47 enlisted men; died of disease and other causes, 3 officers, 246 enlisted men; total, 12 officers, 360 enlisted men; aggregate, 372; of whom 1 officer and 106 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.

Source: Frederick Phisterer. New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. (Albany, NY: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912), p. 297 (includes list of engagement and casualties figures, not included here).

Persons enlisted by De Witt Leonard for the 'Harlan Cavalry' in Fair Haven, Vt.

Allard, Nelson, Fair Haven.
Brown, Henry W., Wells.
Burnett, Chas. F., Burlington
Boyce, Geo. Castleton, or Poultney
Bidwell, Edward
Campbell, Robert G., Benson
Combs, Nelson, Middletown
Craig, Walton R., Putnam
Conger, Jonas, Castleton or Hubbbardton
Conger, Seymourn, Castleton or Hubbbardton
Campbell, Fred H., Fair Haven.
Case, Chas. C., Middletown
Carr, John W., WHithall.
Davis, Geo. E., West Haven.
Dolphin, Wm., Middletown
Douglass, Wm. H. H., Whitehall
Flanders, Wallace M.
Fogerty, John J.
Grover, Wm., Middletown
Green, Horace Middletown
Gleason, Richard, Fair Haven
Henry, Joseph F.
Hamilton, Thomas, Hampton
Henshaw, Edgar B., Middletown.
Ingram, Geo. H.
Lee, John J., Hampton
Mallory, Geo. Hampton
McIllvaine, Orson, Hampton
Maranville, Rollin C., Poultney.
Parker, Wm. H
Parks, Robert H., Wells.
Parks, Horace M., Hydefille.
Pugh, Robert, Fair Haven.
Parris, Merritt, Middletown
Rice Owens
Searles, Wm. H. H., Hampton
Stygles, James H., Brandon
Schollar, wm., Middletown
Sherman, Ezra J., Calrendon
Smith, Hubert A.
Taber, Emerson, Fair Haven.
Wheeler, Geo. R.
Warren, Chauncey C., Hampton
Whiting, Abram W.
Wescott, Cyrus H., Hampton
Warner, Geo M.
Whiting, Joseph S.
Willey, Granville C., Lt., Fair Haven (later served in USN)

The above named persons were enlisted by De Witt Leonard, for the Harlan Cavalry, at Fair Haven, in August and September, 1861. They were mustered into the "Harlan Cavalry" as Vermont volunteers, at Albany, September 24th, whence they went on to Philadelphia, and were afterwards ordered to Washington and attached to the Harris Light Cavalry, under Col. Davies, Gen. Kilpatrick being then Lieut. Col. of the Regiment.*

* Concerning this Company Mr. Leonard says: "The men were mustered in at Albany, by Col. Sprague, U.S.A., as "Vermont Volunteers for the Harlan Cavalry," and went on to Philadelphia. The General Order from the War Department which turned over the organization of regiments to the executives of the different states were issued at this time, and received the next morning after their arrival in Philadelphia. Under this order all incomplete organizations were directed to report to their respective. Governors. Came back immediately, with report from Col. Harlan to Gov. Fairbanks. Reported to him personally, and made every effort to have the men transferred to a Vermont Regiment, (as the other Companies of the same Regiment had been transferred by the Governors of the states from which they came,) but he neglected to act in the matter. Meantime the men had gone on to Washington, and were attached to the Harris Light Cavalry."

Source: Andrew N. Adams, A History of the Town of Fair Haven, Vermont, (Fair Haven, Leonard & Phelps, Printers, 1870), pp. 243-244.

Contributed by Carolyn Adams.

Fogerty, John J. Gleason, Richard, Fair Haven Grover, Wm., Middletown Green, Horace Middletown, Co. F, d. 12/20/64, widow pension Henry, Joseph F. Hamilton, Thomas, Hampton, d. 11/9/1910, Co. F Henshaw, Edgar B., Middletown., Co. F, d. 3/1/1913, Little Valley, NY Ingram, Geo. H., co. f, d. 2/24/1914, newfield, nh *Lee, John J., Hampton *Mallory, Geo. Hampton McIllvaine, Orson, Hampton *Maranville, Rollin C., Poultney. *Parker, Wm. H Parks, Robert H., Wells, co. f, d. 12/19/1861, arlington, va, father's pension Parks, Horace M., Hydefille, co. f, d. 8/29/62, bull run, va Pugh, Robert, Fair Haven., d. bef 1/14/1880, father's pension *Parris, Merritt, Middletown Rice Owens Searles, Wm. H. H., Hampton Stygles, James H., Brandon ?Schollar, wm., Middletown Sherman, Ezra J., Calrendon Smith, Hubert A. Taber, Emerson, Fiar Haven. Wheeler, Geo. R. Warren, Chauncey C., Hampton *Whiting, Abram W. Wescott, Cyrus H., Hampton *Warner, Geo M. Whiting, Joseph S. *Willey, Granville C., Lt., Fair haven